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What It Means To Have an Air Conditioner With R-22 Refrigerants

What It Means To Have an Air Conditioner With R-22 Refrigerants

R-22 also known as Freon Refrigerants are Hydrochlorofluorocarbons (HCFCs) chemicals that contain hydrogen, chlorine, fluorine and carbon. R-22 refrigerants are ruled to be phased out In completely on Jan 1, 2020 by The Environmental Protection Agency or EPA. This organization sets federal laws for HVACR contractors and manufacturers. They establish guidelines, restrictions and penalties for releasing refrigerant into the atmosphere. Air Conditioner & Refrigeration equipment manufacturers are now required to use R410 for all residential and light commercial HVAC applications. Although it is illegal o manufacture HVACR systems with phased-out refrigerants, it is not illegal to service and repair existing air conditioning and heat pump systems with an R-22 refrigeration system.

The impact of Refrigerants on The Environment

The impact of a refrigerant on the environment is measured in two ways by the Environmental Protection Agency.

1. Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP): ODP indicates the ability of a refrigerant to destroy the ozone layer. The spectrum to measure the severity of ODP is between 0 to 1 being the most harmful.

2. Global warming potential (GWP): GWP measures the ability of a gas to contribute to global warming. Below is a table showing the global warming potential and ozone depletion potential for different types of refrigerants. These data are taken from Goodheart- Wilcox Publisher.

Air-Conditioner-Compressor-R410A-Cooling-System-Condenser-Refrigerant-Toronto
Environmental Properties of Refrigerants
Ashrea Refrigerant #TypeODP (Ozone Depletion Potential)GWP(Global Warming Potential)
R-11CFC14,750
R-12CFC110,900
R-22HCFC0.051,810
R-123HCFC0.0277
R-134AHFC01,430
R-290HC03.3
R-404AHFC03,922
R-407CHFC01,774
R-410AHFC02,088
R-507HFC03,985
R-600AHC03
R-717Inorganic01
R-744Inorganic00
R-1234yfHFO04
R-1234zeHFO0.0373

Refrigerants and The Ozone Layer

In The 1970s, satellites were placed in orbit to examine the atmosphere and climate of the earth. Later scientists discovered that the protective layer of ozone had a hole in it. The ozone layer protects planet life and prevents the damaging effects of ultraviolet rays. Scientists concluded that ozone layer depletion is a result of numerous man-made gases that escape and rise up into the atmosphere. a few groups of ages like CFC (Chlorofluorocarbons) like R-11, 12 and HCFCs (Hydrochlorofluorocarbons) like R22, R123 and HFCs contribute to these climate change events as well. In an attempt to stop Ozone Layer Depletion, new laws were put in place to ban the production of CFCs in all large developed countries. This law came into effect on January 1, 1989, was known as the Montreal Protocol. The Montreal Protocol required the US ad other developed countries to stop producing CFC refrigerants like R-11 & R-12 by January 1, 1996. This resulted in developing and inventing new refrigerants since then.

R-22 Was Phased Out On January 1, 2010

Similar to Montreal Porticool 1996, a new protocol came to existence as of Jan 1, 2010 that placed a ban on production and import of R-22 Refrigerant in the United States. This ban still allows contractors to continue servicing the existing R22 equipment. The plan to phase out R-22 took many years to be completed. In 2020, no new supplies were officially brought into Canada or the U.S.The phase-out period allowed Canadians to replace older Air Conditioners and heat pump systems gradually in order to invest in new ozone-friendly cooling systems like R-410a Air Conditioners. 

Can I still Use an Air Conditioner With R-22 Refrigeration System?

Yes Absolutely. The new laws do not ban the use of your old air conditioner (AC) system. If your existing air conditioning or heat pump unit uses R22 Refrigeration, you are still allowed to continue using it. Consequently, most HVAC manufacturers of residential and commercial Air conditioners and heat pump equipment redesigned their systems to accommodate R410A, a chlorine-free refrigerant.

Should You Repair R-22 Air Conditioner or Buy a New R-410 Air Conditioner?

R410A-Versus-R22-Refrigerant-Air-Conditioner-System.jpg

Well R-22 air conditioners can still be serviced or repair by a licensed HVAC contractor however, over years we noticed that the price of R22 gases kept going up due to limited supply in the market. Also, keep that in mind that your air conditioner does not consume refrigerant, This means you do not just top up refrigerant in an air conditioner system that has a low refrigerant level. That simply means that your AC or heat pump needs a professional leak test to ensure this does not happen again. Now if you recently had a technician looking after your broken Air conditioner and wondering why the price of repair is so high, it is because the price for a leak test, repairing the leak and refilling your AC with an obsolete R22 refrigerant is higher year after year. Therefore, most often homeowners end up buying a new R-420 air conditioning or heat pump system.

Learn More About Central Air Conditioner Prices, Efficiency and Warranty By Visiting Our Online HVAC Showroom. Explore Different Air Conditioners, Brands and Models All Prices Includes Installation.

How Do I Know If My Air Conditioner Uses R-22 Refrigerant

Every Air Conditioner system has a sticker or nameplate that indicates the model number, serial number, electrical data and much more important specification of the system. Your existing air conditioner nameplate must also show the type of refrigerant you’re currently using.

For Residential Air Conditioners: If you live in a residential house, you can walk to the side of the house and look for a sticker on the outdoor unit. Residential air conditioning systems typically use either R-22 or R-410A.

Condo & Apartment Air Conditioner Systems: Condo Air Conditioner units also have a nameplate. You can locate the nameplate by opening the access door and looking inside the cabinet where the system is located. Once found the nameplate, look for the section where it indicates the type of refrigerant your system is currently using.

Can I Use R-410A In an R-22 Air Conditioning Systems

Yes, but the process to convert the refrigerant from R-22 to R-410a would be very expensive. Most HVACR contractors will refuse to do this work because of the high cost of labour and material. This is because all the line sets, evaporative coil and refrigeration components must be replaced. Considering most older R-22 air conditioning systems are now at least 11 Years old, it’s not worth it to retrofit your old AC unit. A brand new air conditioner is already designed and built to use R-410. Also, keep that in mind that most newer AC system starts at 13 SEER and up. Your new Air Conditioner will be definitely more efficient and consume less energy during the summer season.

If you are dealing with an older R-22 Air Conditioner in Your Residential Home, Commercial Property or Condo Apartment Please Contact Us at 416-736-7001 Today or Request a Call BackTo Discuss Your Situation Further.

Learn More About The 5 Best Air Conditioners To Install In Toronto & GTA.

Condo Heat Pumps With R-22

Condo-Air-Conditioner-Water-Souce-Heat-Pump-R22-R410A-HVAC-System

If your Condo Heat pump Systemis currently running on R-22, you may want to consider your replacement options in advance. This is because you are limited with replacement options when it comes to replacement units for condo air conditioners. Unlike residential air conditioners and Heat Pump systems, Condo Heat Pump & Air Conditioner Systems are only limited to a few replacement options. This is because of how the condo is designed and engineered. You can only select the specific type, model and dimension for the Condo Heat Pump Replacement Chassis.

Condo Heat Pump Leak

Our technicians deal with Condo Heat Pump Leaks almost on a daily basis. If your heat pump system is diagnosed with refrigerant leaks while it is using R-22 refrigeration, we recommend you explore replacement options prior to proceeding with the repair. This is again because you may end up paying up to 50% cost of a new R410A heat pump chassis to repair your old system while the contractor only provides 90 days warranty on the service provided. You can click Here To Learn More about common Condo HVAC Repair & Maintenance Problems.

Environmental Properties of Refrigerants
Ashrea Refrigerant #TypeODP (Ozone Depletion Potential)GWP(Global Warming Potential)
R-11CFC14,750
R-12CFC110,900
R-22HCFC0.051,810
R-123HCFC0.0277
R-134AHFC01,430
R-290HC03.3
R-404AHFC03,922
R-407CHFC01,774
R-410AHFC02,088
R-507HFC03,985
R-600AHC03
R-717Inorganic01
R-744Inorganic00
R-1234yfHFO04
R-1234zeHFO0.0373

Refrigerants and The Ozone Layer

In The 1970s, satellites were placed in orbit to examine the atmosphere and climate of the earth. Later scientists discovered that the protective layer of ozone had a hole in it. The ozone layer protects planet life and prevents the damaging effects of ultraviolet rays. Scientists concluded that ozone layer depletion is a result of numerous man-made gases that escape and rise up into the atmosphere. a few groups of ages like CFC (Chlorofluorocarbons) like R-11, 12 and HCFCs (Hydrochlorofluorocarbons) like R22, R123 and HFCs contribute to these climate change events as well. In an attempt to stop Ozone Layer Depletion, new laws were put in place to ban the production of CFCs in all large developed countries. This law came into effect on January 1, 1989, was known as the Montreal Protocol. The Montreal Protocol required the US ad other developed countries to stop producing CFC refrigerants like R-11 & R-12 by January 1, 1996. This resulted in developing and inventing new refrigerants since then.

R-22 Was Phased Out On January 1, 2010

Similar to Montreal Porticool 1996, a new protocol came to existence as of Jan 1, 2010 that placed a ban on production and import of R-22 Refrigerant in the United States. This ban still allows contractors to continue servicing the existing R22 equipment. The plan to phase out R-22 took many years to be completed. In 2020, no new supplies were officially brought into Canada or the U.S.The phase-out period allowed Canadians to replace older Air Conditioners and heat pump systems gradually in order to invest in new ozone-friendly cooling systems like R-410a Air Conditioners. 

Can I still Use an Air Conditioner With R-22 Refrigeration System?

Yes Absolutely. The new laws do not ban the use of your old air conditioner (AC) system. If your existing air conditioning or heat pump unit uses R22 Refrigeration, you are still allowed to continue using it. Consequently, most HVAC manufacturers of residential and commercial Air conditioners and heat pump equipment redesigned their systems to accommodate R410A, a chlorine-free refrigerant.

Should You Repair R-22 Air Conditioner or Buy a New R-410 Air Conditioner?

R410A-Versus-R22-Refrigerant-Air-Conditioner-System.jpg

Well R-22 air conditioners can still be serviced or repair by a licensed HVAC contractor however, over years we noticed that the price of R22 gases kept going up due to limited supply in the market. Also, keep that in mind that your air conditioner does not consume refrigerant, This means you do not just top up refrigerant in an air conditioner system that has a low refrigerant level. That simply means that your AC or heat pump needs a professional leak test to ensure this does not happen again. Now if you recently had a technician looking after your broken Air conditioner and wondering why the price of repair is so high, it is because the price for a leak test, repairing the leak and refilling your AC with an obsolete R22 refrigerant is higher year after year. Therefore, most often homeowners end up buying a new R-420 air conditioning or heat pump system.

Learn More About Central Air Conditioner Prices, Efficiency and Warranty By Visiting Our Online HVAC Showroom. Explore Different Air Conditioners, Brands and Models All Prices Includes Installation.

How Do I Know If My Air Conditioner Uses R-22 Refrigerant

Every Air Conditioner system has a sticker or nameplate that indicates the model number, serial number, electrical data and much more important specification of the system. Your existing air conditioner nameplate must also show the type of refrigerant you’re currently using.

For Residential Air Conditioners: If you live in a residential house, you can walk to the side of the house and look for a sticker on the outdoor unit. Residential air conditioning systems typically use either R-22 or R-410A.

Condo & Apartment Air Conditioner Systems: Condo Air Conditioner units also have a nameplate. You can locate the nameplate by opening the access door and looking inside the cabinet where the system is located. Once found the nameplate, look for the section where it indicates the type of refrigerant your system is currently using.

Can I Use R-410A In an R-22 Air Conditioning Systems

Yes, but the process to convert the refrigerant from R-22 to R-410a would be very expensive. Most HVACR contractors will refuse to do this work because of the high cost of labour and material. This is because all the line sets, evaporative coil and refrigeration components must be replaced. Considering most older R-22 air conditioning systems are now at least 11 Years old, it’s not worth it to retrofit your old AC unit. A brand new air conditioner is already designed and built to use R-410. Also, keep that in mind that most newer AC system starts at 13 SEER and up. Your new Air Conditioner will be definitely more efficient and consume less energy during the summer season.

If you are dealing with an older R-22 Air Conditioner in Your Residential Home, Commercial Property or Condo Apartment Please Contact Us at 416-736-7001 Today or Request a Call BackTo Discuss Your Situation Further.

Learn More About The 5 Best Air Conditioners To Install In Toronto & GTA.

Condo Heat Pumps With R-22

Condo-Air-Conditioner-Water-Souce-Heat-Pump-R22-R410A-HVAC-System

If your Condo Heat pump System is currently running on R-22, you may want to consider your replacement options in advance. This is because you are limited with replacement options when it comes to replacement units for condo air conditioners. Unlike residential air conditioners and Heat Pump systems, Condo Heat Pump & Air Conditioner Systems are only limited to a few replacement options. This is because of how the condo is designed and engineered. You can only select the specific type, model and dimension for the Condo Heat Pump Replacement Chassis.

Condo Heat Pump Leak

Our technicians deal with Condo Heat Pump Leaks almost on a daily basis. If your heat pump system is diagnosed with refrigerant leaks while it is using R-22 refrigeration, we recommend you explore replacement options prior to proceeding with the repair. This is again because you may end up paying up to 50% cost of a new R410A heat pump chassis to repair your old system while the contractor only provides 90 days warranty on the service provided. You can click Here To Learn More about common Condo HVAC Repair & Maintenance Problems.–>

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